Postgenderism is a social, political and cultural movement which argues that the presence of gender roles, social stratification, and cogno-physical disparities and differences are generally to the detriment of individuals and society.
From this point of view gender is an arbitrary and unnecessary limitation on human potential, and foresee the elimination of involuntary biological and psychological gendering in the human species as a result of social and cultural evolution and through the application of neurotechnology, biotechnology and assistive reproductive technologies.
One of the first expressions of postgenerism was Shulamith Firestone´s words in her book “The Dialectic of Sex” (1970) where she argues that: “The ultimate goal of the feminist revolution must be a difference in the principles of the feminist movement, not only the elimination of male privileges, but also the distinction of sex: genital differences between human beings no longer matter culturally”.
On the other hand Donna Haraway in her “A Manifesto for Cyborgs: Science, Technology, and Socialist Feminism in the 1980s” (1984) emerged as a postgender theorist arguing for technological transgression to liberate both women and men from the gender binary.
More recently, George Dvorsky and James Hughes in their pioneer text titled “Postgenderism: Beyond the Gender Binary” (2008) state that a greater biological fluidity and psychological androgyny will allow future persons to explore both masculine and feminine aspects of personality, therefore bodies and personalities in our postgender future will no longer be constrained and circumscribed by gendered traits, but enriched by self-expression.
Finally Martine Rothblatt, the highest-paid female CEO of the USA, in her book “From Transgender to Transhuman: A Manifesto On the Freedom Of Form” (2012) writes that “once we realize that our essential sweetness is in our minds, and that each of us has unique life-path potential not fully tethered to a body-determined route, then it is as sensible to be transhuman as it is to be transgendered. The being is mightier than the gene.”
From this point of view we can consider biological liberty – or bioliberty, a term proposed by professor Zoltán Galántai– as the new generation of right for humans or intelligent beings. That includes the power to make decisions in order to modify our bodies without an external influence (including the use of enhancement technologies and either active or passive euthanasia) and choosing reproductive technologies to give life to children (including cloning).
Therefore if we truly want to start this liberating journey of posthuman metamorphosis we should embrace an open mind and commit ourselves to the most incredible visions of the future… And that might involve beliving in unicorns (just kidding!).
*(Pictures: etfovoice.ca & freepik).