Although some people see AI as a simply tool that artists can use to augment and enhance their pieces, some other as me consider algorithms as a partner during the creative process.
Artisans may have thought that there was no avenue for machines to take over their ethereal reins since something soulless and emotionless do not have the ability for creation and artistic expression: Human emotion. But as we can see in the following infographic, different arts fields (cuisine, fine art, dance, theater, film…) have all made advancements in incorporating machine learning in their crafts.
Art-based research in Machine Learning will help us imagine what Artificial InteIligence can become and how will influence our technoscientific world. Because the question of to what degree algorithms are tools, as opposed to active collaborators, is a very interesting debate in which the artists can contribute interesting reflections. There is no doubt that a mix of Computational Aesthetics with Cogntive Science will improve our understanding of the human mind and the unique capacity for creativity homosapiens have.
Philosopher and art critic Arthur Danto thought that theory is what takes an artwork up into the world of art and that the role of artistic theories is to make the artworld possible. And is commonly said that “art is in the eye of the beholder”, which has been validates by recent research by cognitive psychologist Nichole Thomas who has found that the emotional reactions elicited by an abstract artwork might lead people to focus their attention to better engage that emotional processing.
Ultimately the current deployment of Machine Learning algorithms and Artificial Intelligence techniques that we are seeing in the art world today may be seen as the ultimate “Gesamtkunstwerk” or total artwork. Because designing artifacts (AI agents) that are not only products or tools, but collaborators or even artistic creators, should be seen as the ultimate frontier in the creative processes. And anyway, isn’t art, since the cave paintings in the Stone-Age, a sign of human evolution?
*(Pictures: artist.com & digitalinformationworld.com).