Human consciousness is an illusion.

“Human consciousness is unlike all other varieties of animal consciousness in that it is a product in large part of cultural evolution . . . creating thereby a cognitive architecture unlike the ‘bottom-up’ minds of animals. . . . [T]his architecture furnishes each of us with . . . a user-illusion”. As philosopher Daniel Dennett […]

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Embodied Cognition and Lifestyle Sports.

In 2010 I wrote my M.Phil thesis at the Higher Technical School of Architecture of San Sebastian about the relationship between skateboarding in the streets and the effects of this youthful activity in contemporary urban-development. Titled “Live Free or Die Trying: Skateboarding as an Urban Countercultural Tool” (available in spanish here), I tried to show […]

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Neuroscience killed the philosophy star.

Should philosophy today keep trying to answer the questions for which the neurosciences have better explanations? Neurophilosophers believe that to understand the mind we must understand the brain using evidence from neuroscience. Many philosophers and intelectuals strongly disagree with this proposal since it uses science and not introspection as a method to acquire knowledge, and this […]

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Robotic citizenship is coming!?!

Sophia is a humanoid robot developed by Hanson Robotics, a Hong Kong company, which has been designed to learn and adapt to human behavior and work with humans. In October 2017 the government of Saudi Arabia made her a citizen, thus being the first robot with citizenship of a country. However, many people on social […]

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Geometry paints the painting itself.

Russian artist Wassily Kandinsky is depicted as the main pioneer and most influential teacher in the geometric abstraction movement. Kasimir Malevich and Piet Mondrian are also among its promoters although we can appreciate the use of geometry as an artistic and decorative expression since ancient cultures. Islamic art, for example, in its prohibition of depicting religious figures is a […]

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The Augmented Posthuman Body.

Descartes once described the human body as a “fleshy machine” and today’s transhumanists would likely agree. Philosopher Nick Bostrom writes that as we seek to peer farther into posthumanity our ability to concretely imagine what it might be like to have such augmented thoughts and experiences cannot be though or experienced with our current capacities. […]

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